Faehusi Telaumbanua1 Feby Meuthia Yusuf2 Silvia Djonnaidi3
The problem in this thesis is the symbols contained in the civil war in Spain. This fight has taken many casualties, death is common, but the soldiers continue to struggle and sacrifice for the hope of victory. The three themes of the struggle about death, sacrifice, and hope are reflected in the symbols of the war.
In this writing, literature research is taken as a method of data collection. As for data analysis methods, the authors perform systematic procedures with the understanding of novels, symbols and symbol analysis, as well as semiotic theory. Data collection techniques use documentation techniques in finding data relevant to the subject. In data analysis techniques, the authors use structural techniques by analyzing novels based on the elements that shape them.
The results of the research in this thesis are: 1) dynamite is a symbol of death, it can be connected with dynamite properties that can destroy anything around him, here are three Robert who aims to destroy the enemy by installing dynamite, 2) dynamite trigger is a symbol of sacrifice from the The main character, without any trigger, dynamite will not be explosive, Robert in this novel self-criticism to prevent enemies from being able to chase his fleeing friends, 3) the bridge as a symbol of hope, this is connected with the nature of the bridge connecting the two Side, Robert at the end of the story gives hope to his friends to stay safe from the battlefield.
Keywords: symbol, war, hope
Abrams. 1993. The Mirror and The Lamb : Romantic Theory and The Critical Tradition. London : Oxford University Press.
Daiches, David. 1990. Critical Approaches to Literature, Singapore: Singapore Publisher Ltd.
Hadi, Sutrisno, 1995, Metodologi Research, Yogyakarta: Andi Offset.
Hemingway, Ernest. 1993. For Whom the Bell Tolls. New York: William Morrow.
Linda, C. Stanley. 1985. Ways to Writing. Cambridge. University Press
Markman, Roberta H., et al, 1982, 10 Steps in Writing the Research Paper, New York: Barron’s Educational Series Inc.
Mooney, Michael J., 2013. The Life and Legend of Chris Kyle: American Sniper, Navy SEAL, New York: Little, Brown and Company.
Pradopo, Rachmat Djoko, et.al. 2001. Metodologi Penelitian Sastra. Yogyakarta: PT. Hanindita Graha Widia.
Semi, M. Atar. 1993. Metode Penelitian Sastra. Bandung: Angkasa.
Wellek, Rene and Austin Warren. 1986. Theory and Liteature, New York Harcourt Brace and World Inc.
Womack, Mari. 2005. Symbols and Meaning: A Concise Introduction. California: AltaMira Press.