Fajrina Putri Farisya1 Mac Aditiawarman2 Fetri Reni3
This thesis title is Language Utterance Among India Community in Padang.The writer focusing on the language that utter among India community in Padang. The India people usual talk and communication with other with mix language which another did not know. The writer seek this as uniqueness that can be describe by code mixing theory and sociolinguistik.
The writer uses sociological theory for reach the purposes of the research. Purposes of the research is to descirbe the language change that happen in India community in Padang.. language change that happens have relate with linguistic theories. After getting the data, the writer , makes formula from the code mixing that utter in India community in Padang. This research uses field research method for get the significant data and library research for get the theories that will be uses as basic theory in this thesis. Technique collecting of data is qualitative method, which the writer get the data from 7 qualified interviewee based on criteria ( NORM (Nonmobile Older Rural Males). From it, the writer uses record technique for get the data.
The results from the research that has been done, the wrier finds language change that influence by another ethnic such Minang, Tionghoa Padang and Indonesia. The changing are, vowel /i/ change into /e/ in medial, disappearance /h/ in final,initial and medial. Disappearance /r/ in final and medial, absorption /at/ become /?/ in final,absorption /u/ become /o/ in medial and final, absorption /t/ become /k/ in final, absorption /a/ into /o/ in final, absorption /p/ into /?/, absorption/ŋ/ into /aŋ/ in final, absorption /e/ become /a/ in medial and initial. Disappearance /e/ in medial, disappearance /d/ in initial, and medial,also disappearance /p/ in final. Code mixing that utter by India community that has been describe by code mixing theory, and become a formula from it.
Keywords:language, india, in padang, community
Aitchison, Jean. 2001. Language Change Progress or Decay. Cambridgeshire: Cambridge University Press.
Brinton, J Laurel et al. 2005. Lexicalization and Language Change Research Surveys in Linguistic. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Chamber, J.K et al. 2013. The Handbook of Language Variation And Change. New York City: A John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Publication.
Djajasudarma T, Fatimah. 1993. Metode linguistik. Ancangan metode penelitian dan kajian. Bandung: Eresco.
Fishman, A Joshua 1972. Language in Sociocultural Change. California: Stanford University Press.
Good, Jeff. 2008. Linguistic Universal and Language Change. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Gumperz, J John 1977. Linguistics and Antropology. Boston: Wesley Publishing Company Inc Holling cs.
Hickey, Raymond. 2003. Motive For Language Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Holm, A. John. 2004. An Introduction to Pidgins and Creoles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Holmes, Janet. 2012. An Introduction into a Sociolinguistic. London: Routledge.
Leech, Geoffrey et al. 2009. Change in Contemporary English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Moleong, Lexy J. 1989. Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif. Bandung: Remadja Karya.
Muysken, Peter. 2000. Bilingual Speech. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Trask, R.L. 2010. Why Do Languages Change. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
The Irony of Love Story as Seen in